Short Health lessons for Elementary Students. Each topic covered will start with ideas for you to discuss with your class. At the bottom of each topic will be a short activity that you can do with your class to reinforce the topic.
Safety In & Around Home
TIP: In all of your lessons, ask questions. Promote personal experience and have your students not only discuss with you, but separate small group talks with their classmates.
- What are some things you shouldn’t do in the kitchen?
- Don’t touch the stove, even if you think it’s off.
- Never place anything on top of the stove, especially paper.
- Should you plug something in when you’re wet? No
- No Electronics in the tub.
- Why is it not a good idea to play in the driveway? Your parents may park and not see you.
- What do you need to be aware of with bushes and trees that have food hanging from them? May be poisonous.
- What do you do if your ball rolls out across the street? Get an adult or look both ways before crossing if you’re aloud.
- What do you do if there is a fire in your house? No your different exits. Stay low to the ground. Feel hot doors and don’t go through them if hot. Do you have an escape route planned out with your family?
- Is it better to stand or crawl when there is smoke in the house? Crawl.
- What do you do if you catch on fire? Stop, drop & roll.
- You need to know your parent’s phone number. Do you have emergency numbers on your fridge?
- Don’t open the door for a stranger.
- What do you do if answer the phone and your parent’s aren’t home? You can tell them, that they’re sleeping or in the shower. Don’t tell them that they’re not home.
- Look both ways before crossing the street.
- Keep hands and arms in the car at all time.
- Keep quiet on the bus, so the driver can concentrate.
- Hang man is always an easy way to reinforce a lesson.
- Kids love competitions. Divide the class into two teams.
- On your signal, one student from each team will run to the board and grab a dry erase marker. The student that grabs the marker first will get an opportunity to choose a letter for the word they’re trying to solve.
- The student who didn’t get to the marker first will get an opportunity to choose a letter if their opponent chose an incorrect letter.
- Body parts will be added to the hang man of team that guessed incorrectly. It is possible that both teams may choose incorrectly. You can have a different word for each team.
- Once the class has the correct answer, the word should be discussed.
- Wash hands after using the bathroom with soap, not just water.
- Wash hands before eating breakfast, lunch and dinner.
- Take a bath or shower every day.
- Your skin can obtain bacteria and when the oil from your skin mixes with sweat you may give off body odor.
- Deodorant for 5th graders.
- Avoid putting your hands in your mouth.
- Don’t touch your mouth to the water fountain.
- Don’t share drinks with your friends.
- Brush teeth 3 times a day. Learn to floss.
- Reduce the amount of candy you eat.
- Clean cuts and use band aids.
- Change into clean clothes and underwear every day.
- Don’t share hats or anything that goes on or over the head to avoid lice.
- Hold up pictures of different things used for keeping clean, such as nail clippers, shampoo, toothpaste, deodorant etc…
- Draw a picture on your whiteboard of a stick figure.
- Each time you hold up a picture a student can add onto the stick figure by drawing the body part that the item cleans.
- For example: If you hold up a Q-tip, they would come up to the front of the class and draw an ear. Shampoo, they would draw hair, Toothbrush, they would add teeth and so on…
- Name unhealthy foods.
- What are ways you and/or your family can improve their eating habits.
- What are better choices to drink? Water, Milk, vegetable and orange juice.
- What does it mean to have everything in moderation? Not eat too much of something.
- Discuss the different food groups.
- Healthy meats? turkey, chicken and fish.
- Explain the affects of how you still need fat in your diet. Don’t ignore sugar.
- Discuss diabetes.
- What can make a salad unhealthy? Too much dressing.
- What are the benefits of drinking milk? Strong bones and teeth. It will also, help prevent osteoperosis.
- What type of food will give you energy before exercise? Carbohydrates such as breads, pasta and rice. Avoid white bread. Whole grain is a better way to go.
- What are most Fruits and Vegetables good for? Skin and eyes.
- Use of fish, chicken and beef? Helps muscle growth. Good for after exercise. Remember not to eat too much red meat.
- Don’t forget to drink a lot of water throughout the day.
- We just spoke about foods that are good for you. Can you name unhealthy foods?
EATING HABIT LESSON
- Have your class bring in magazines with all different foods.
- Your students will section off a poster board into different food groups with a marker.
- Next, have each student cut out food from the magazine into different food groups and glue it to the correct group.
Bones & Muscles
- How many bones do you have in your body? 206
- What is the biggest bone? Femur in your thigh.
- What’s the name of the bones in your head? Skull
- What do bones protect?Organs.
- What is called where two bones join together? Joint
- What is the name of the bones that run down your back? Spine. Your spine is made up of 26 when you’re done growing.
- How many bones are in your arms? 3 Hands? 27
- Do your hand or arms have more bones? Hands Why do you need more bones in your hands? mobility
- What holds bones together? ligaments.
- What are bones and teeth made of? Calcium. Foods high in calcium? milk, yougurt and green vegetables.
- Can you name some things that athletes use to protect their bones? gloves, pads, face guards, etc..
- What is cartilage? Tough rubbery tissue that sometimes turns into bones. The tip of your nose is cartilage.
- What is lactic acid? Makes a muscle sore and tired after using it too long.
- How many muscles are in the body? 650.
BONE & MUSCLE LESSON
- Have the students trace their hands. They can label, muscle, skin and bones.
- This can be done with the arms and feet.
Say No To Drugs
- Smoking hurts your athletic career.
- It’s harder to breathe
- Your teeth become yellow.
- Smoking gives you bad breathe.
- It makes your clothes smell.
- Smoking will do damage to the lining in your lungs, little by little. This is why smokers cough more.
- Smokers are more susceptible to getting sick and infections.
- Smokers can get emphysema which can make every breathe painful.
- Smoking can create cancerous tumors.
- You can receive blot clots and heart attacks.
- Second hand smoke is just as dangerous.
- Nicotine is the drug in tobacco that is addictive.
- Drugs alter the way you mind and body function.
- Caffeine: this is a durg found in coffee, tea, soda, chocolate and more.
- Alcohol: This drug can affect muscle and mind control. This is found in liquor, beer, wine and more.
- Marijuana: Slows down the brain and heart.
- Cocaine: Speeds up the heart rate. It can cause a heart attack.
- Addiction: The longer you take a drug, the more you and your body become dependent.
- Peer Pressure: Ads on TV, Actors promoting cigarettes and making you think it’s cool. Pressure from your peers.
- Prescribed medicines should not be abused. You must follow the guidelines of your doctor.
- Stimulant: Speeds up the heart rate. Cocaine, crack, nicotine.
- Depressant: Slows down thought process. Alcohol and downers.
- Inhalants: Cleaners & solvents. Slows down heart and breathing. Harmful to organs.
- Hallucinogens: Can cause panic, hallucinations and Paranoia. Marijuana, mushrooms, heroin.
- Addicted: When your dependent on something. People that are dependent on drugs can’t function properly without it.
EXAMPLES OF CORRECT & INCORRECT CONSUMPTION.
- Exp 1: Johnny has bad allergies and needs to take his medicine every Spring. Correct.
- Exp 2: Jill Takes 3 B-complex pills, 2 multi-vits and 5 vitamins C’s twice a day. Incorrect.
- Exp 3: Sal was prescribed pain medicine for his knee, but takes 3 pills a day instead of 1 as prescribed by the doctor. Incorrect.
- Exp 4: Sally drinks 1 glass of wine a day. Correct.
- Exp 5: Chris has a six pack of beers with dinner every night. Incorrect.
- Exp 6: Fred gave his knee pain medicine to his best Friend for his headache. Incorrect.
- Exp 7: Gianna only smokes a few cigarettes when she’s at a party. Incorrect.
SAY NO TO DRUGS LESSON
- ROLE PLAYING is always a great idea.
- Your eyes have different parts to them.
- Iris: Is the color portion of the eye.
- Pupil: This is dark center of the eye.
- Cornea: Covers and protects the iris, pupil and all of the eye.
- Lens: Bends the light.
- Retina: The nerves in the retina send a message to the brain. The retina actually sees everything upside down, but the brain will make the adjustment to see right side up.
- Light reaction: Your pupil will get smaller when the light is bright to protect your eye and larger when it is darker to help you see better.
- Nearsighted: A person is able to see up close, but has trouble with long distance vision.
- Farsighted: A person is able to see further away, but struggles to see up close, such as reading.
- Lazy eye: When one eye is strong and the other is weak.
- Color blind: The retina doesn’t send the correct message. Usually colors that are similar make it tough for a color blind person to distinguish the difference.
- Eye Nutrients: Foods with Vitamin A, Eggs, carrots, broccoli, carrots and more.
- Watery eyes: This occurs when the brain believes something needs to be washed out, such as dirt or dust.
- Eye Protection: Your forehead and cheek bones are the first line of defense. Eye brows help to keep sweat out. Eye lashes help to protect against dust and dirt.
- Other precautions such as eye guards and helmets can help during sporting events.
I hope you enjoyed this information. More lessons coming soon. Please feel free to leave a comment or question.